What guided reading looks like in grades K–2 classrooms for the readers, your teaching, and the texts you use with students.
Work in the primary classroom focuses on early literacy concepts as well as word and language patterns, allowing children to recognize vocabulary they know, which they will then use as context for interpreting and reading words they don't yet understand. They use meaning cues, structure or syntax cues, and visual information, or print cues provided in the text to process it successfully (Fountas and Pinnell, 1996, p. 5).
Author and literacy expert Irene Fountas and faculty share what guided reading looks like in kindergarten, first-grade, or second-grade classrooms with your students, your teaching, and the texts you use.
In order to use guided reading as am effective instructional approach, a book room filled with multiple copies of texts of different genres, structures, forms, and reading levels is essential.
Each summer, at the Lesley campus in Cambridge, Massachusetts, we offer a five-day graduate level course on the basics of using guided reading in a primary classroom. You may take the course for noncredit, or earn two to three graduate credits for an additional fee and by completing an assignment.
Learn more about Guided Reading in a Comprehensive Early Literacy Program (Grades K–2).
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Fountas, I. & Pinnell, G. (1996). Guided reading: Good first teaching for all children. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann.
Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G. (2001). Guiding readers and writers: Teaching comprehension, genre, and content literacy. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann.
Fountas, I. & Pinnell, G. (2006). Teaching for comprehending and fluency: Thinking, talking, and writing about reading. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann.
Pinnell, G.S. & Fountas, I.C. (2011). The continuum of literacy learning, grades preK–8: A guide to teaching. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann.
Fountas, I. & Pinnell, G. (2013). Guided reading: The romance and the reality. Reading Teacher, 66 (4), p. 268–284.
Guided Reading in a Primary Classroom
Guided Reading in an Intermediate or Middle Classroom
Research and Outcomes
Center for Reading Recovery and Literacy Collaborative
The Center for Reading Recovery and Literacy Collaborative
Phone: 617.349.8424 or 800.999.1959, ext. 8424
29 Everett Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Read our two blog posts by Irene Fountas regarding text levels:
Text Levels: Tool or Trouble? (October 2013)
More on Text Levels: Confronting the Issues (October 2015)
Join us in Cambridge this summer for introductory courses in Guided Reading:
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