Find answers to frequently asked questions about Title IX, a landmark federal civil right that prohibits sex discrimination in education.
1. What is Title IX?
Title IX is a federal civil rights act that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any educational program or activity that receives federal funding. Sex discrimination includes sexual harassment, including sexual violence such as rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, and sexual coercion. It also includes sexual harassment other than sexual violence. 2. Does Title IX apply to Lesley University?Lesley University receives federal funding. As a result, Lesley must comply with Title IX.3. Who is protected by Title IX?Title IX protects any person – female, male, and gender non-conforming students, faculty, staff, and third parties -- from any sexual harassment that occurs on or off campus that is sufficiently serious to limit or deny the individual’s ability to participate in or benefit from the school’s educational program and activities.4. What conduct is prohibited by Title IX?Title IX prohibits all sexual harassment that occurs on or off campus that is sufficiently serious to limit or deny an individual’s ability to participate in or benefit from the school’s educational program and activities.5. What is sexual harassment?Sexual harassment is a type of harassment and form of discrimination based on gender. It is defined as unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and all other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. The following is a list of some, but not all, examples of conduct that may constitute sexual harassment:
Refer to the Discrimination, Harassment, and Sexual Violence Policy for a complete definition.Note that sexual harassment may occur regardless of:
6. What about consensual relationships between supervisors and supervisees or between students and faculty members?Because of the inherent risk of impropriety or harm, Lesley University prohibits romantic or sexual relationships between students and employees (including faculty). This includes relationships that occur when the University is not in session or the employee or student is on leave. Examples include, but are not limited to, relationships between:
Lesley also prohibits romantic or sexual relationships between members of the Lesley community when one of those individuals has an advisory, supervisory, or managerial responsibility over the other.Please refer to Lesley University’s Unequal Consensual Relationships Policy.7. What is stalking?Stalking means engaging in a course of conduct directed toward a person that would cause a reasonable person to (a) fear for his or her safety, or the safety of others, or (b) suffer substantial emotional distress.8. What is dating violence?Dating violence means violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the survivor.9. What is domestic violence?Domestic violence means violence committed by a current or former spouse, intimate partner, or certain domestic partners.10. What are Lesley University’s general obligations under Title IX?
29 Everett StreetCambridge, MA firstname.lastname@example.org@lesley.edu
11. What are Lesley University's obligations when it has received notice of a Title IX incident?When Lesley knows or reasonably should have known of possible sexual harassment, it must:
12. What are the responsibilities of the Title IX Coordinator?The Title IX Coordinator is responsible for coordinating Lesley University's compliance with Title IX obligations and overseeing all Title IX complaints. The Title IX Coordinator takes actions including, but not limited to:
13. Who is Lesley’s Title IX Coordinator?Nathaniel MaysDean of Student Life and Academic Development and Interim Title IX Coordinator29 Everett Street, Cambridge, MA email@example.com@lesley.edu 14.What are the reporting obligations of administrators, faculty, and managers?
15. What are the reporting obligations of employees?Lesley University employees may also report sexual misconduct concerns to the Director of Human Resources (617.349.8785 or firstname.lastname@example.org). The Director of Human Resources notifies the Title IX Coordinator and meets with the survivor to assist with immediate safety accommodations and resources as needed and appropriate to prevent a recurrence. 16. What are the reporting obligations of residential staff and student employees?Student staff employed in campus residential housing must report sexual misconduct concerns to the Dean of Student Life and Academic Development (617.349.8539 or email@example.com).The Dean notifies the Title IX Coordinator and meets with students to assist with immediate safety accommodations and resources as needed and appropriate. 17. What are the reporting obligations of students?Students are encouraged to report sexual misconduct concerns to the Dean of Student Life and Academic Development (617.349.8539 or firstname.lastname@example.org). The Dean notifies the Title IX Coordinator and with the student to assist with immediate safety accommodations and resources as needed and appropriate to prevent a recurrence. 18. What if the impacted student requests confidentiality?Most employees cannot promise confidentiality to an individual reporting sexual harassment. At Lesley, only professional staff members at the Counseling Center or at the Health Center can, with limited exceptions, promise such confidentiality. 19. Who can students contact if they want information to remain confidential?Professional staff members at Lesley’s Counseling Center and Health Services will not, with limited exceptions, share your information without your permission. Other University staff members and faculty members will keep information as private as possible, but must share information about any possible sexual misconduct with the Title IX Coordinator. Sharing information with the Title IX Coordinator is important to: 1) allow the University to track trends; 2) provide assistance to the individual reporting the sexual misconduct; and 3) take appropriate steps for the safety of the University Community.In some instances, the University can speak with the accused party without mentioning the name of the individual making the allegations or moving forward with a formal complaint. In other cases, issues of confidentiality must be balanced against the University's need to investigate and to take appropriate action. Note that if an individual requests that his or her name not be revealed to the alleged perpetrator, or asks that the University not investigate and the University determines that it can honor that request, the University’s ability to respond fully to the incident, including pursuing disciplinary action against the alleged perpetrator, may be limited. 20. What safety measures and accommodations are available to students when they report sexual misconduct?The University may decide to take interim safety measures during an investigation. Interim measures are steps taken that: 1) allow you to have equal access to the University’s educational program and activities; 2) protect you; and/or 3) protect the safety of the University community. Interim measures typically are put into place when an individual notifies the University of possible sexual harassment and remain in place throughout the internal Title IX investigation. Note that interim measures are available even if an individual chooses not to file or otherwise pursue a complaint. Interim measures include, but are not limited to, issuing a no-contact order, imposing interim suspension, changing housing assignments, changing course schedules, providing an escort, and increasing security in certain locations. 21. Who can an individual contact to ask that one or more of these safety measures and/or accommodations be put in place?
22. Are off-campus resources available to individuals who have experienced sexual harassment?Yes. A student, employee, or third party may wish to, but is not required to, file a report with the police. University personnel — Public Safety Officers, the Dean of Students, the Director of Human Resource, and the Title IX Coordinator are available to assist in making the report. In addition, on- and off-campus services are available and listed on the Emergency and Support Resources — Sexual Assault document [PDF].23. What evidentiary standard is used during Title IX investigations?Lesley uses the preponderance of the evidence standard in determining whether an individual violated a University policy regarding sexual misconduct. Under this standard, to conclude that an individual violated University policy regarding sexual misconduct, the University must find that it is more likely than not that an individual engaged in the prohibited conduct.24. What is the purpose of a Title IX investigation?The purpose of the investigation is to determine whether the alleged conduct occurred so that the University can stop any sexual misconduct, prevent its recurrence, and address its effects. 25. What are the possible outcomes of a University investigation?
Office of Equal Opportunity and Inclusion
University Response to Sexual Assault
Title IX FAQ
DIVERSITY AT LESLEY
Affirmative Action Advisory Board
Diversity Scorecard (PDF)
POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
Community Standards of Conduct
Complaint Resolution Procedure
Discrimination, Harassment, and Sexual Violence Policy
Equal Opportunity and Inclusion Policy
Unequal Consensual Relationships Policy
Nathaniel G. Mays, Ph.D.
Dean of Students and Interim Title IX Coordinator
29 Everett Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
What is Lesley's definition of consent to have sexual contact?
What should I do if I am sexually assaulted?
What should I do if I am sexually harassed or stalked?
What should I do if I am accused of sexual misconduct?
What is an active by-stander?